There is no denying that the need to safeguard all individuals’ life, rights and interests is at an all-time high, particularly as the ability to cause harm through technical means has only grown as technology advances. That said, Law Enforcement Agencies (“LEAs”) also benefit from technological advancement, and alongside dedicated engineers, developers and other experts… Read More » Privacy Law Implications of Unmanned Aerial Surveillance

Airships are defined as “lighter-than-air” aircrafts that produce lift thanks to the buoyancy of their lifting gas (helium or hydrogen) instead of the force produced by air flowing over surfaces such as wings or blades. This means that airships do not require engine power to stay afloat, unlike airplanes or helicopters. Airships are generally divided… Read More »The Rise of Autonomous Special Purpose Airships

WHAT IS A SFCW AND WHY DO WE USE IT? A stepped frequency continuous wave (SFCW) consists of N equidistant discrete frequencies within a given bandwidth B.  So the frequency graph vs. time will consist of a step diagram, where each frequency is a continuous wave. Figure 1-(a) and (b) show the stepped frequency diagram… Read More »THE USE OF STEPPED-FREQUENCY CONTINUOUS WAVE (SFCW) RADARS to detect moving people and vehicles

Infrared (IR) sensor is most often used in wireless technology that includes remote control functions and detection of surrounding objects or obstacles. It is a simple electronic device that emits and detects IR (thermal) radiation, so that it can detect objects or obstacles in its range. He has the ability to recognize heat and movement.… Read More »INFRARED SENSOR – WHAT IT IS, CLASSIFICATION, HOW IT WORKS, TYPES, APPLICATIONS, A&D

Nowadays, one of the most important aspects of European Countries is the need to adopt systems and solutions for guarding their territory against illegal activities such as smuggling, and terrorism demands and also for dealing with incidents of irregular migration. Such systems include reliable long-range threat detection and prevention technology that can operate anytime during… Read More »ADD-C3: An Integrated Solution for Enriched Situation Awareness for Surveillance Border Security

Human rights in the New Digital World

We appear to be on the verge of yet another technological revolution. Over the last two centuries, the inventions of the steam engine, electricity, and, more recently, the computer have resulted in the transformation of society. And, just like that, the next so-called Fourth Industrial Revolution, or Industry 4.0  [1], will bring even more changes… Read More »Human rights in the New Digital World

Why develop an ontology? An ontology defines common vocabulary for researchers who aim to share information in a specific domain. It includes both human and machine interpretable definitions of basic and complex concepts in the domain, as well as their hierarchy and the relations among them. Some of the reasons behind the development of an… Read More »The Contribution of Ontologies in BorderUAS

To prevent the pandemic infection from spreading, governments approved lengthy quarantines advising the citizens to stay at home throughout 2020 and the first half of 2021. Due to the constraints derived from COVID-19 and besides the social aspects of modern life that have been heavily influenced, the impact was quite remarkable on irregular migration and… Read More »Cross-border Crime in the Time of COVID-19 Pandemic

An effective assessment of illegal border crossings is planned through the exploitation of active data fusion from various types of sensors, complementing each other’s capabilities. This process uses aerial or ground sensors for devising optimal strategies on reducing errors (type I and II) in airborne detections. To accomplish this, the dominant role of ICT, sensorics,… Read More »Transforming a UAV to an actively connected surveillance vehicle leveraging the use of multisensory data.

According to the latest FRONTEX report (2019 Risk Analysis) on illegal crossings of the EU’s external borders, Eastern Mediterranean, Western Mediterranean and Western Balkans are the three major illegal migration routes. For 2019 the total number of the reported detections of illegal border crossings into the EU was 141.741. A number lower than the year… Read More »Gathering border guard authorities’ needs and requirements concerning the most-used migration routes